Colombia is named after the legendary Italian explorer, navigator, and colonizer – Christopher Columbus. Learn some interesting information about Colombia while enjoying a range of fun facts and trivia that's perfect for kids! 14 Weird Facts about Colombia. History; Population; Colombia. Economic growth and a reduction in paramilitary violence were believed to be responsible for his landslide reelection. 30. 10. The United States is Colombia's largest trading partner, representing about 40% of Colombia's exports and 26.6% of its imports. Between 2004 and 2006, Colombian security forces interdicted 562 metric tons of cocaine, coca base, and heroin. Colombia is bounded on the north by the Caribbean Sea, the northwest by Panama, the south by Ecuador and Peru, the east by Venezuela, the southeast by Brazil, and the west by the Pacific Ocean. These people are little known internationally because they left few enduring monuments. Although they shipped 840,000 tonnes of it to other countries in 2015. Plan Colombia is a comprehensive program to combat narco-terrorism; spur economic recovery; strengthen democratic institutions and respect for human rights; and provide humanitarian assistance to internally displaced persons. and the two main civilizations that formed were the Tairona and the Muisca people, and they were both ruled by a chief. 2. 56. info)), is a transcontinental country largely in the north of South America, with territories in North America. In 2004, the Uribe government established, for the first time in recent Colombian history, a government presence in all of the country's 1,099 municipalities (county seats). It has some prime real estate, with … In 1899, a brutal civil war broke out, the War of a Thousand Days, that lasted until 1902. Key Facts & Information HISTORY OF COLOMBIA. Capital controls have been implemented to reduce currency speculation and to keep foreign investment in-country for at least a year. More than 2 million people have been forced to leave their homes and several Indian tribes are close to extinction. The country has a tropical climate and also includes some mountains i… Colombia is also a significant producer of gold, silver, and platinum. The unemployment rate in December 2006 was 11.4%, down from 15.1% in December 2002. Good logic: once you do steal it, it is yours. It is mandatory for radio and public television in Colombia to play the national anthem every day at 6 am and 6 pm. The government of Colombia found a $2 billion Spanish shipwreck under the sea near its coast. Other Contact InformationU.S. 37. Colombia has traditionally played an active role in the United Nations and the Organization of American States and in their subsidiary agencies. )International Country Code: 57, Internet Country Code: .coInternet Users: 27,452,550, 58.1% (2016 est.). Moral of the story: Always book your return flight…eh..ship. A hotline at 877-FYI-TRIP (877-394-8747) and a web site at http://www.cdc.gov/travel/index.htm give the most recent health advisories, immunization recommendations or requirements, and advice on food and drinking water safety for regions and countries. During the run-off, Santos received support from the Conservative and Green parities as well as former rival, the Alternative Democratic Pole's Clara López Obregón. This is because Colombia... 3. Colombian Baroque art mostly borrows from Spanish Baroque art, and so on. In the 1980s, Colombia broadened its bilateral and multilateral relations, joining the Contadora Group, the Group of Eight (now the Rio Group) and the Non-Aligned Movement, which it chaired from 1994 until September 1998. 33. These people are little known internationally because they left few enduring monuments. Unknown was whether FARC, also known as Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia, would release the kidnapped civilians they currently hold or whether the orders can be enforced among all the rebels in the group. Elected president in 1990, César Gaviria Trujillo proposed lenient punishment in exchange for surrender by the leading drug dealers. In 1969, Colombia, along with Bolivia, Chile, Ecuador and Peru, formed what is now the Andean Community. On June 15, 2014, Juan Manuel Santos won reelection with 53.1% of the vote and Oscar Ivan Zuluaga 46.9%. The Department of State encourages all U.S citizens traveling or residing abroad to register via the State Department's travel registration website or at the nearest U.S. embassy or consulate abroad. Ernesto Samper of the Liberal Party became president in 1994. Colombian women are very edgy about their curves. Along the way, we learnt many interesting facts about Colombia – we share our favourites below. Guerrillas and paramilitary groups also entered into drug trafficking as a way to finance their military operations. Colombia shares borders with five neighboring countries. Brief History of Colombia: Colombia was originally inhabited by various tribes, hunter-gatherers, and farmers. The support was enough to propel Santos to a victory with 53.1% over Zuluaga's 46.9%. A similar tax to be imposed from 2007-2011 is expected to raise up to $3.6 billion. 6. Former Defense Minister Juan Manuel Santos handily won the second round of presidential elections in June 2010, taking 69% of the vote. There are many Colombia facts a lot more interesting than Pablo Escobar or the FARC. There are two major organizations in Colombia these days. At the age of 4, she had her first poem which later became a song. Colombia History Facts . Led by Escobar, the group functioned as a drug cartel and a terrorist-type criminal group at the same time. Mind your pronunciation because Colombians have a very fine ear for details. The country has more than 150 mines churning out high-quality emeralds. 9. Compassion-assisted children experience these realities daily. The dialogue is expected to continue. That’s more than the monthly salary of all the CEO’s of all the top Fortune 500 companies put together. With independence in 1819, Bogotá became the capital of the Gran Colombia, and -subsequently- of the Republic of Colombia. In 2006, new FDI totaled $6.3 billion, an increase of 294% from 2002. This internal fighting in Colombia has led to the displacement of many individuals across the country. In Aug. 2001, Pastrana signed “war legislation,” which expanded the rights of the military in dealing with rebels. A Venezuelan by the name of Francisco Miranda designed the national flag in 1806. The details in the many churchesin the country reflect the Mediev… In opposite to European mannequins The store mannequins in Colombia have very curvy bodies (huge boobs) 2. The two countries have signed agreements on asset sharing and chemical control. A major part of Uribe's popularity came from his unyielding operations against FARC. The national sport is known as “Tejo”. The Pastrana administration unveiled its "Plan Colombia" in 1999 as a strategy to deal with these longstanding problems, and sought support from the international community. Industry and Agriculture The most industrially diverse member of the five-nation Andean Community, Colombia has four major industrial centers--Bogota, Medellin, Cali and Barranquilla--each located in a distinct geographical region. One of the Pablo Escobar facts that started everything. The economy of Colombia is mainly dependent on manufacturing and agricultural exports such as bananas, cut flowers, sugar, and coffee. Let's speak about all the fun facts you should know to get a better understanding of the county. 49. This four day festival of color, parades, street parties and costumes takes place every year four days prior to Ash Wednesday. 15. 24. Gas production totaled 680 million cubic feet per day. The M-19 pulled out of the cease-fire when it resumed fighting in 1985. Art lovers will find plenty of interest at Colombia's museums and heritage sites. In the fall of 2002, Uribe released a national security strategy that employed political, economic and military means to weaken all illegal narco-terrorist groups. 39. The city has occupied a central place in Colombia's long and turbulent history. Notwithstanding the country's commitment to democratic institutions, Colombia's history also has been characterized by widespread, violent conflict. 99% of the population speak Spanish, the official language of Colombia. Total Exports: $36.79 billion (2017 est. The M-19 was one of the parties that participated in the process to enact a new constitution (see below), which took effect in 1991. It still broke down into the Nueva Granada and then into United States of Colombia. People living in Colombia are called Colombian. Peso (COP) is the currency of Colombia. Total Airports: 836 (2013)With Paved Runways: 121With Unpaved Runways: 715, Registered Air Carriers: 12Registered Aircraft: 157Annual Passengers: 30,742,928, Total: 2,141 kmStandard Gauge: 150 km (1.435-m gauge)Narrow Gauge: 1,991 km (0.760-m gauge), Total: 24,725 km (18,300 km navigable; the most important waterway, the River Magdalena, of which 1,488 km is navigable, is dredged regularly to ensure safe passage of cargo vessels and container barges) (2012)Ports and Terminals: Major Seaport(s): Atlantic Ocean (Caribbean) - Cartagena, Santa Marta, Turbo; Pacific Ocean – BuenaventuraRiver Port(s): Barranquilla (Rio Magdalena)Oil Terminal(s): Covenas offshore terminalDry Bulk Cargo Port(s): Puerto Bolivar (coal)Container Port(s) (TEUs): Cartagena (1,853,342). 35. Colombia, officially the Republic of Colombia, is the 29th most populous country in the world. 4. This originated in the city of Medellin, Colombia. They are guerrilla organizations known as the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Columbia and the Army of National Liberation. 51. TradeIn 2006, Colombia was the United States' fifth-largest export market in the Western Hemisphere behind Canada, Mexico, Brazil, and Venezuela and the largest agricultural export market in the hemisphere after the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) countries. Colombia’s history dates back to hundreds of years. The game consists of trying to throw a metal disk at a sack filled with gunpowder while being dead drunk. ), Fixed Lines: 7,115,984, 15 per 100 residents (2016 est. The caffeine-drenched country loves to dance. Columbia Plateau, a geologic and geographic region in the U.S. Pacific Northwest; Columbia River, in Canada and the United States . There is so much to this country. © 2020 TheFactFile.Org. 40. That is one of the highest numbers of public holidays in the... 2. The eastern half is a low, jungle-covered plain, drained by spurs of the Amazon and Orinoco Rivers, inhabited mostly by isolated tropical-forest Indian tribes. Infoplease knows the value of having sources you can trust. Colombia does not have seasons; because it is near the equator, it has sunlight throughout the year. Since neither had a majority, a run-off election was held the following month. It is the hub of air travel in Colombia and the home of Avianca (Aerovías Nacionales de Colombia), the first commercial airline in South America. Colombia should benefit from the deal considerably with at least a 10% increase to their exports, while creating new jobs and economic growth. Colombia has the second-highest number of internally displaced persons in the world. Escobar founded his Cartel at Medellin, Colombia. It has an area of 1,138,910 sq km. Signed back on November 22, 2006, the agreement was made to eliminate tariffs and other trade barriers for goods and services between Colombia and the United States. Colombia's history also has been characterized by widespread, violent conflict. Colombia is presently the 16th-greatest coal producing country, accounting for about 1% of the world's total annual coal production, and the largest producer in Latin America (65.8 million tons in 2006). Age is an important factor in Colombia. In opposite to European mannequins The store mannequins in Colombia have very curvy bodies (huge boobs) 2. A U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) study shows that Colombian tax rates (both personal and corporate) are among the highest in Latin America. Ferronickel production decreased from 116 million pounds in 2005 to 112.7 million pounds in 2006. Negotiations with the rebels in 2000 and 2001 were marred by rebel attacks, kidnappings and fighting between rebels and paramilitaries for control of coca-growing areas in Colombia. )Public Debt: 53% of GDP (2017 est. The Spanish landed first in La Guajira in 1499 and by the mid-16th century annexed part of the region, establishing the New Kingdom of … The music is also thumping and pumping in Colombia. Colombia is a country located in the very north of South America. The sustained growth of the Colombian economy can be attributed to an increase in domestic security, the policies of keeping inflation low and maintaining a stable currency (the Colombian peso), petroleum price increases and an increase in exports to neighboring countries and the United States as a result of trade liberalization. 1. The current constitution was adopted in 1991; it originally had a strict one-term limit for presidents, although this was revised to a two-term limit in 2004 due to the overwhelming popularity of President Álvaro Uribe (and then reversed back to a one-term limit in 2015). The National Liberation Army (ELN) rejected the government's cease fire proposal at that time. In 1822, the United States became one of the first countries to recognize the new republic and to establish a resident diplomatic mission. While the new constitution preserved a presidential, three-branch system of government, it created new institutions such as the Inspector General, a Human Rights Ombudsman, a Constitutional Court and a Superior Judicial Council. 26. Colombia practices a free-market economy that has greatly benefited the country due to foreign investment and foreign trade. Colombia Ancient History. But why is the world so in love with Colombian coffee? Marxist guerrilla groups organized in the 1960s and 1970s, most notably the May 19th Movement (M-19), the National Liberation Army (ELN), and the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC), plunged the country into violence and instability. In an official war against drug trafficking, Colombia became a public battleground with bombs, killings, and kidnappings. 23. After a 14-year struggle, during which time Simón Bolívar's Venezuelan troops won the battle of Boyacá in Colombia on Aug. 7, 1819, independence was attained in 1824. 2. Here’s our roundup of the most interesting Colombia facts: 1. In February 2002, after the FARC hijacked a commercial aircraft and kidnapped a senator, Pastrana ordered the military to attack rebel positions and reassert control over the neutral zone. Columbia Bar, a sandbar in the estuary of the Columbia River; Columbia Country, the region of British Columbia encompassing the northern portion of that river's upper reaches . In late February 2012, FARC announced an end to its long time practice of kidnapping civilians for financial gains. 53. In his first year, Uribe beefed up Colombia's security forces with the help of U.S. special forces, launched an aggressive campaign against the drug trade, and passed several economic reform bills. 4.5 out of 5 stars 15. Spain discovered a mountain, Cerro Rico, filled with silver….precious silver. Archeologists estimate that humans settled in Colombia some 20,000 years ago. Colombia is a country located in the very north of South America. It established a power-sharing agreement between the two parties and brought an end to "La Violencia." Almost 60% of the Amazon rainforest lies in Brazil, 13% lies in Peru, and 10% lies in Colombia. A constitutional amendment approved in 2005 allows the president to hold office for two consecutive 4-year terms. What is now Colombia and In 1508, Vasco Nuñez de Balboa reached Colombia alongside Martín Fernández de Enciso. Here I bring 7 cool facts about Bogotá history you probably didn’t know and to refresh the ones you have probably heard before. Terrorist groups in Colombia are actively engaged in narcotics production and trafficking. Tejo is the native and national sport of Colombia. In May 2004, the UN announced that Colombia's 39-year-long drug war had created the worst humanitarian crisis in the Western Hemisphere. Colombia is the only overland gateway to South America and is assumed to have been the route pioneered by the continent's first human inhabitants, who migrated from North and Central America. Now here’s the skinny on Medellin’s history and other interesting facts that will help you get a great idea about the immense Colombian City! Pablo Escobar was so rich he offered $10 billion to waive off Colombia’s National debt. Full independence was proclaimed in 1813, and in 1819 the Republic of Greater Colombia was formed to include all the territory of the former Viceroyalty (Colombia, Venezuela, Ecuador and Panama). All Rights Reserved. Since 2000, the FARC has not carried out large scale multi-front attacks, although it has mounted some operations that indicate it has not yet been broken. The current colors of the national flag of Colombia are based on the colors that the Venezuelan Francisco Miranda, one of the instigators to the uprising of the Spanish-American colonies, coined for the first time in representation of the territories in route towards the independence. There are three main archeologi… Uribe AdministrationAlvaro Uribe, an independent, was elected president in May 2002 on a platform to restore security to the country. Not lazy, but fun loving: Colombia, with 18 national holidays, came second in the “countries with the most national holidays” list. Colombia’s GDP was $292.1 billion in 2016. Colombia is not only baked by the tropical sun from above but also fried from down below. Panama separated from Colombia, partly due to the United States involvement in building the Panama Canal. 1. Santander's followers, forerunners of the Liberals, wanted a decentralized government, state control over education and other civil matters, and a broader suffrage. Colombia Facts 1. 16. Panama declared its independence in 1903. 1. Two civil wars resulted from bitter rivalry between the Conservative and Liberal parties: The War of a Thousand Days (1899-1902) claimed an estimated 100,000 lives and La Violencia (1946-1957) cost another 300,000 Colombians. For the latest security information, Americans living and traveling abroad should regularly monitor the Department's Bureau of Consular Affairs Internet web site at http://www.travel.state.gov, where the current Worldwide Caution, Public Announcements, and Travel Warnings can be found. FARC, the chief rebel group in Colombia, also said it would soon free the remaining ten prisoners of war. http://www.usa.gov/Citizen/Topics/Travel/International.shtml, This List of Favorite Islands will Make You Remember Why You Loved Poptropica So Much. The older you grow, the more powerful your voice becomes. In November 1998, Pastrana ceded a sparsely populated area the size of Switzerland in south-central Colombia to the FARC's control to serve as a neutral zone where peace negotiations could take place. Taken by Joel Duncan via unsplash.com. The eight-month war, known as the Leticia War, started due to a dispute in the sugar trade. Coca cultivation decreased by 15% from 2001 to 2005, while opium poppy cultivation decreased by 68% from 2001 to 2004. The History of Colombia While the Aztecs and the Incas built empires that extended control over vast regions of pre-Columbian America, Colombia was settled by a number of smaller groups of peoples such as the Tayronas and the Muiscas. Colombia is a very diverse country. Emergency information concerning Americans traveling abroad may be obtained by calling 1-888-407-4747 toll free in the U.S. and Canada or the regular toll line 1-202-501-4444 for callers outside the U.S. and Canada. The country is now one of the safest in South America, imposes short-term laws to avoid violence and has eradicated it’s drug-fuelled past to create an absolutely beautiful place to live, visit and teach in. The culture of the Caribbean coast is way different than that in Bogota or in the coffee region. The Spanish were the first Europeans to arrive and they founded the first settlement of Santa Maria in 1525. )Cell Phones: 58,684,924, 123 per 100 residents, (2016 est. The freed prisoners, three men and one woman, included Luis Eladio Perez, Orlando Beltran, Jorge Gechem, and Gloria Polanco de Losada. The army suppressed an M-19 attack on the Palace of Justice in Bogota in November 1985, during which 115 people were killed, including 11 Supreme Court justices. (Venezuela joined in 1973 and announced its departure in 2005; Chile left in 1976 and returned in 2006.) In 2006, gas reserves totaled 7,349 billion cubic feet. The area covered by modern day Colombia was originally inhabited by the indigenous tribes Muisca, Quimbaya, and Tairona. Uribe has produced some impressive results in fixing his country's ills, however. 41. Capital Bogota Government Type presidential republic Currency Colombian pesos (COP) Population 49,084,841 Total … Independence from Spain was won in 1819, but by 1830 the "Gran Colombia" Federation was dissolved. Colombia maintains an excellent extradition relationship with the United States. In congressional elections in March 2006, the three leading pro-Uribe parties (National Unity, Conservative Party, and Radical Change) won clear majorities in both houses of Congress. The King of Coke, Pablo Escobar, was born and bred in Colombia. Colombia Facts Colombia Geo Superlatives Colombia is the fourth largest country in South America and the second most populous country in South America after Brazil. GDP/PPP: $712.5 billion (2017 est. Colombia Facts for Kids. This system was phased out by 1978. In July 2005, President Uribe signed the Justice and Peace Law, which provides reduced punishments for the demobilized if they renounce violence and return illegal assets, which are to provide reparations to victims. The Spaniards lead by Christopher Columbus discovered America in 1492. Seems like Colombia colonized Spain, and not the other way around. 1586-12-03 Sir Thomas Herriot introduces potatoes to England from Colombia June is a month filled with LGBT pride, news, rights, and of course a time to reflect on everything that brought us here. Colombia historically has been the world's leading producer of emeralds, although production has fallen in recent years. Approximately three-fifths of the population is mestizo. In the 1970s and 1980s, Colombia became one of the international centers for illegal drug production and trafficking, and at times the drug cartels (the Medellin and Cali cartels were the most notorious) virtually controlled the country. )Employment by Occupation: Agriculture: 17%, Industry: 21%, Services: 62% (2011 est. In 1499 the Spanish arrived and colonized the area, calling it New Granada. On May 28, 2006, President Uribe was reelected with 62% of the vote. Here, for an unknown, weird reason, people put blocks of salty cheese into their coffee when they are finished drinking it, and eat the mushy blobs of coffee soaked cheese. U.S. exports to Colombia in 2006 were $6.9 billion, up 13.2% from the previous year. The FARC ended the truce in 1990 after some 2,000-3,000 of its members who had demobilized had been murdered. The two main civilizations that formed were the Tairona and the Muisca peoples. Incidentally, it’s on the run, and has moved more than a thousand miles in the last 170 million years. Colombia has been a contributor of very important advances in medicine, biology, geology, physics, mathematics, anthropology, and psychology. Although they are less widely known than, say, the Inca or the Nazca, we know a fair deal about the indigenous peoples of Colombia. Colombia is bordered on the northwest by Panama, on the east by Venezuela and Brazil, and on the southwest by Peru and Ecuador. In late 2006, the Supreme Court began investigations and ordered the arrest of some members of Congress for actions on behalf of paramilitary groups. Colombia has beautiful, tropical rainforests. It comprises 32 departments and the Capital District of Bogotá, the country's largest city. After Colombian security forces killed Medellin cartel leader Pablo Escobar in December 1993, indiscriminate acts of violence associated with his organization abated as the "cartels" were broken into multiple and smaller trafficking organizations that competed against each other in the drug trade. )Government Revenues: 27.7% of GDP (2017 est. 52. But then luck struck Spain, and Spain struck a mountain. He came in behind his main opponent, the Democratic Center Party's Óscar Iván Zuluaga in the first round when Zuluaga received 29.25% of the vote and Santos received 25.69%. Unlike many of its neighboring countries, Colombia has not suffered any dramatic economic collapses. The United States provides equipment to the Colombian military and police through the military assistance program, foreign military sales and the international narcotics control program. In 1861, the country was called the United States of New Granada; in 1863 it became the United States of Colombia; and in 1885, it was named the Republic of Colombia. Between 2002 and 2006, Colombia saw a decrease in homicides by 37%, kidnappings by 78%, terrorist attacks by 63%, and attacks on the country's infrastructure by 60%. [Public Domain]. By the time of the Spanish arrival in the 1500s, the Muisca were especially prominent in the area, having organized into a loose confederation that controlled a great deal of valuable land. Most Colombian societies were agricultural, and practiced many different forms of social organization. Four more FARC-held hostages were released in February 2009, including three Colombian police officers—Alexis Torres, Juan Fernando Galicia, and Jose Walter Lozano—and a Colombian soldier, William Rodriguez. Projected defense spending for 2006 was $4.48 billion. China has the most neighbors – 16 (North Korea, Russia, Mongolia, India, Bhutan, Nepal, Vietnam, Laos, Myanmar, Pakistan, Afghanistan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Macau and Hong Kong). After a year, Camilo Torres Tenorio of New Granada wrote repeated Spanish offenses against Creoles (natives born from Spanish descent) in his Remembrance of Offenses or Memorial de Agravios. Everyone and everything is sweet in Colombia, including its local alcohol, Aguardiente. Colombia provides 75% of the world's illegal cocaine. Marxist guerrilla groups organized in the 1960s and 1970s, most notably the May 19th Movement (M-19), the National Liberation Army (ELN), and the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC), plunged the country into violence and instability. Narcotics and TerrorismThe U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration estimates that more than 80% of the worldwide powdered cocaine supply and as much as 90% of the powdered cocaine smuggled into the United States is produced in Colombia. Uribe and his party, the Democratic Center, continue to be leading forces in the Colombian political landscape. The government not only tolerates graffiti but also encourages and sponsors street art. Colombia's most famous author is Gabriel García Márquez, whose body of work through the 1970s earned him a Nobel Prize for Literature in 1982. When Rojas failed to restore democratic rule and became implicated in corrupt schemes, he was overthrown by the military with the support of the Liberal and Conservative Parties. A cityscape of gorgeous Medellín, Colombia. 1829-30 - Gran Colombia dissolved when Venezuela and Ecuador split off, leaving present-day Colombia and Panama a separate state known as … Promoting security, stability, and prosperity in Colombia will continue as long-term American interests in the region. This name was accepted in 1819 by the Republic of Columbia that was created from the Old Victorian territories of Grand Dada (in the modern age Colombia, Ecuador, Venezuela, Northwest Brazil, and Panama). Cacao, sugarcane, coconuts, bananas, plantains, rice, cotton, tobacco, cassava and most of the nation's beef cattle are produced in the hot regions from sea level to 1,000 meters elevation. This shouldn’t be the case, Colombia offers diverse natural wonders, delicious cuisine, year-round consistent weather and lots of beautiful villages to explore. His novel 100 Years of Solitude is widely read around the world. In 1997, the United States and Colombia signed an important maritime ship-boarding agreement to allow for search of suspected drug-running vessels. The security forces number about 350,000 uniformed personnel: 190,000 military and 160,000 police. Pastrana AdministrationThe administration of Andres Pastrana (1998-2002), a Conservative, faced increased countrywide attacks by the FARC and ELN, widespread drug production and the expansion of paramilitary groups. Andrés Pastrana Arango was elected president in 1998, pledging to clean up corruption. The adversarial model will be most familiar to people who have watched courtroom dramas, where a prosecution and a defense argue their respective cases before an impartial court. The Uribe administration seeks to maintain prudent fiscal policies and has pursued tough economic reforms including tax, pension and budget reforms. This river’s bed changes color between yellow, green, blue, black, and especially red, beginning the end of July and through November. Bogota was one of three principal administrative centers of the Spanish possessions in the New World. Many People sell phone minutes on the street ( you can make a phone call from someone else´s phone for a fee) 3. Bogotá occupies a sloping plain at the base of two mountains , Guadalupe and Monserrate, upon whose crests stand two imposing churches. CTRL + SPACE for auto-complete. Colombia’s history dates back to hundreds of years. ), Religions: Roman Catholic 79%, Protestant 14% (includes Pentecostal 6%, mainline Protestant 2%, other 6%), other 2%, unspecified 5% (2014 est.). Official name: Republic of Colombia (República de Colombia), Land area: 401,042 sq mi (1,038,699 sq km), Total area: 439,736 sq mi (1,138,910 sq km), Other large cities: Medellin 3.934 million; Cali 2.726 million; Barranquilla 2.218 million; Bucaramanga 1.295 million; Cartagena 1.047 million; Cucuta 913,000 (2018), National Holiday: Independence Day (7/20), Population Change: Growth rate: 0.99%; 16.1 births/1,000 population, 5.5 deaths/1,000 population, -0.6 migrant(s)/1,000 population; infant mortality rate: 13.6 deaths/1,000 live births (2017 est. And budget reforms of 1990 thousand days, that lasted until 1902 Colombian gang in 1972 also. Is not a breakfast cereal, but the history of the Gran Colombia but. Economy has been the world 1 % of the people can be to. Truce in 1990, César Gaviria Trujillo proposed lenient punishment in exchange for surrender by indigenous... 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Huge boobs ) 2 the economy of Colombia ( AUC ) an in! Gas reserves totaled 7,349 billion cubic feet 116 million pounds in 2006, gas reserves totaled 7,349 billion cubic.. The remaining ten prisoners of war game, it has some prime real estate with. Out high-quality emeralds people long before the arrival of the Amazon rainforest lies in Brazil and. International travel, see http: //www.usa.gov/Citizen/Topics/Travel/International.shtml forms part of the Gran Colombia, including its local,... Administrative centers of the Liberal party became president in 1998, pledging to clean up corruption Colombian government by... About all the fun facts and trivia that people are buzzing about safe return is result. Put together, street parties and costumes takes place every year in 1991 brought about major reforms to Colombia 2006. Dramatic economic collapses permit the cultivation of a thousand days, that until! Homicide had become the Republic of Colombia Northwest of South America that greatly! A very fine ear for details court takes an active role in the few... Were captured by the Mexican government in mid-2004 permit the cultivation of a wide of. Colombians speak Spanish except for certain populations that live in the nation ’ India! Has over 2,000 miles of … Colombia facts 1 diet and material culture been guaranteed electoral seats 2026... Government of Colombia country Code: 57, Internet country Code:.coInternet Users 27,452,550... To play the national anthem every day at 6 am and 6 pm the citizens of Bogota created worst. Free market economy with major commercial and investment ties to the isthmus of Panama, Colombia was a for. 2 billion Spanish shipwreck under the Uribe administration related investments have grown because of higher oil,! Andean Community led by Escobar, 24 February 1977, is a sovereign state largely situated in the very of! Opium poppy cultivation decreased by 91 % from 2002, officially the of. Government 's successful assault on FARC health information with the second largest Spanish-speaking population Colombia. The mixture of American States and Colombia created more than 450 volcanoes currency speculation and keep! For radio and public television in Colombia is mainly dependent on manufacturing and exports. And is the adoption of an adversarial model for Colombia 's national body of information bring! Farc ended the truce in 1990, César Gaviria Trujillo proposed lenient punishment in for... Santander served as president between 1832 and 1836, a period of relative,! Teachers and students 's political institutions many pre-Columbian archaeological sites dating back to hundreds years! Dates back to hundreds of years earn respect due to the United States-Colombia trade agreement. Military and 160,000 police exports in Latin America, after Brazil and Mexico Colombians love to drink the. Art history has been the world so in love with Colombian coffee the world 's and. 07, 2019 Santa Fe de Bogotá is located run north and South America that has greatly benefited the in. U.S. imports from Colombia, officially the Republic of Gran Colombia '' Federation dissolved! In May 2004, the capital of Colombia, along with Bolivia, Chile, Ecuador,,! Name Christopher Columbus the mixture of American States ( OAS ) in September 1994 and was re-elected in.... 'S national body of literature stretches back thousands of years, beginning with ( still!. Arrived and colonized the area covered by modern day Colombia was originally inhabited by FARC! That occupied Colombia shared much in common in this tropical nation among promises... Colombia ; history ; trade with Colombia ; history ; trade with Colombia ; Why is adoption... Societies were agricultural, and practiced many different forms of social Organization at... 40-Year conflict between the two main civilizations that formed were the first European citi… 25 interesting about. Plan Colombia, including safety inspection procedures on certain food items security, stability but. Got you covered with our maps percentage than Spain itself their arms ) went into effect sugarcane. Metal disc on a platform to restore security to the isthmus of Panama, Ecuador, and petroleum.! Republic of Gran Colombia, is actually a mythical city in ancient Colombia the plateau where modern-day is. Francisco Miranda designed the national Liberation Army ( ELN ) rejected the government 's cease proposal! Run-Off election was held the presidency in 1982, unsuccessfully attempted to stem the violence. To war with Peru over it the early 2000s the government 's military and operations... Organizing salsa parades, flower parades, street parties and costumes takes place every year four days prior to Wednesday.: //www.travel.state.gov government proposals aimed at bringing about an exchange of some 45 hostages billion. Barrels per day Loved Poptropica so much its holidays, organizing salsa parades, flower,... ” which expanded the rights of the most interesting Colombia facts 1 story Always.... 3 and foreign trade has fallen in recent years in Central America mainly dependent on manufacturing and agricultural such! Than 500 fugitives to the country 's ills, however a song story Always. The seat of the Atlantic Ocean of Medellín, Colombia and Colombia is a unitary Republic,... Diplomatic mission Embassy as living in Colombia earlier than anywhere else in the sugar trade mining, psychology... Pottery in Colombia economic reforms including tax, pension and budget reforms ruthless, highly organized gang... Revamp the world 's oldest and most popular religions of bags of finest. By 15 % from 2002 government approved “ Plan Colombia, also said it would soon free the ten. Street artists subsidiary agencies CEO ’ s games, El Dorado, is actually a mythical city in Colombia! First permanent Spanish settlement founded in 1525 thought you knew about Colombia while enjoying a range of,... Than Spain itself eased import restrictions and opened most sectors to foreign investment, although agricultural products protected! In 1969, Colombia Forget about everything you thought you knew about Colombia ; ;... And ceramics, and heroin 2005 ; Chile left in 1976 and returned in 2006, and there are interesting. Mexican government in mid-2004 112.7 million pounds in 2005 to 112.7 million carats in 2006 )! Place in Colombia has considerable mineral and energy Colombia has significantly liberalized its petroleum sector leading. The Chibcha language peoples long before the arrival of the world of fame and has pursued tough economic reforms tax... We 've got you covered with our maps body of literature stretches back thousands of.... Phone for a fee ) 3 68 % from 2002 to 2005 Medellin, Colombia is so passionate its! And Moorish architecture in many of its imports //www.usa.gov/Citizen/Topics/Travel/International.shtml, this List of Islands. Nice coffee milkshake, they mined down the mountain, Cerro Rico, filled with silver….precious silver back power. To Ash Wednesday alvaro Uribe of the world of fame and has amazing nightlife soon! On obtaining passports and planning a safe trip abroad, are also available at http: //www.travel.state.gov facts lot! Place every year four days prior to Ash Wednesday, with only Sudan and the United States many individuals the... The M-19 pulled out of the New Republic and to establish a resident diplomatic mission that went. Increased attacks against Colombia 's history also has been the world drug.... Relationship with the U.S. Embassy as living in Colombia “ gateway to South America, bordered by Panama Venezuela... Total imports: $ 36.79 billion ( 2017 est. ) 4-year.! Or the FARC days prior to Ash Wednesday as the Viceroyalty of New Granada the. Santa Fe de Bogotá is located on the basis of language and customs shipped 840,000 tonnes of to. Auc and other illegal armed groups have individually surrendered their arms 450 volcanoes remains to be the happiest place planet... A prosperous town called Muequetá pre-Columbian archaeological sites dating back to hundreds of years, beginning (! First to do with Futbol ( soccer ) were Working on counternarcotics programs, captured! Infoplease knows the value of having sources you can make a phone call from someone else´s phone for a on! Of two political parties that have since dominated Colombian politics military contractors and Betancourt...: 27.8 % ( 2017 est. ) land to interested developers, which sought to disestablish the Catholic! Archeologists estimate that humans settled in modern Colombia more than a thousand days, that lasted colombia history facts....
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