Marula was a dietary mainstay in South Africa, Botswana, Zimbabwe, and Namibia throughout ancient times. The history of the marula tree goes back thousands of years. The bark flakes of in much longer strips than in the Leaves of the Live-long Marula leaves Marula although the stems of both trees have a mottled appearance because of … These Giants will gladly feed on its branches and its leaves, but they are particularly fond of its fruit especially when, fermenting in the sun’s rays, they acquire an alcoholic strength which gives exhilaration: you have to … It is characterised by a grey mottled bark. Female flowers grow individually on their own pedicel and have staminodes. [citation needed] Marula oil is used topically to moisturise the skin, and as an edible oil in the diet of San people in Southern Africa. Roots Leaves on the Marula are compound with 3-7 pairs of leaflets and a terminal one 30-100 x 15-40mm. All species of baobab trees are deciduous, meaning they shed their leaves annually. Supports for healthy skin. The trees are dioecious, meaning that there are male and female trees. This edible oil rivals the richness of the best virgin olive oils, and its place in numerous cosmetic products to enhance healthy skin has been assured. It is very successfully used to feed cattle and game. [1]. The cattle eat the fresh or dry leaves and this reduces the expenses on fodder by farmers who are growing these trees. [3], Sclerocarya birrea is divided into three subspecies: subsp. There is a rich tapestry of legendary stories surrounding the many uses of the Marula tree, bark, leaves, fruit, nut and kernels. I found a .pdf file that describes Marula trees, including sowing/propagation. [7] The alcoholic distilled beverage (maroela-mampoer) made from the fruit is referenced in the stories of the South African writer Herman Charles Bosman. Subsp. Vanquished only in this world, King Arthur was spirited away to Avalon—the Isle of Apples—where he awaits the goodness of our kind to overcome our more destructive tendencies. An oak tree without leaves: loneliness or separation from a friend or relative. The leaves are brought into the service of healing spider bites, burns and abscesses. Archaeological evidence shows the marula tree was a source of nutrition as long ago as 10,000 years B.C. On rare occasion a male flower can produce a gynoecium, turning it bisexual. Leaves are simple, … Many parts of the tree are used in traditional medicinal remedies. This species comprises three subspecies. Legends abound on the multiple uses of the tree, the bark, the leaves, fruit, nut and kernels. These fruits have a socio-economic importance to many people groups, from Kwazulu-Natal to Ethiopia. The marula tree is often the spiritual centre for ritual activity in kraals and villages. Sclerocarya birrea (Ancient Greek σκληρός, sklērós, "hard", and κάρυον, káryon, "nut", in reference to the stone inside the fleshy fruit), commonly known as the marula, is a medium-sized deciduous tree, indigenous to the miombo woodlands of Southern Africa, the Sudano-Sahelian range of West Africa, and Madagascar. The skin of the marula fruit can be boiled to make a drink or burnt to be used as a substitute for coffee, while the … As COVID-19 numbers rise and the weather gets colder, many families struggle to find the time and space to stay healthy mentally even as they are safeguarding their physical health. Marula produces compound grayish-green leaves which consist of 3 to 7 pairs of oval shaped leaflets with pointed tips. The tree is a single stemmed tree with a wide spreading crown. They also grow in different areas in Africa. As you travel north, its densities drop and becomes less common in the areas around Mopani Camp. The generic name Sclerocarya is derived from the Ancient Greek words 'skleros' meaning 'hard' and 'karyon' meaning 'nut'. The marula fruit tree (Sclerocarya birrea) is native to parts of southern Africa.The trees grow wild and were once rare, but are now cultivated. Seeing many oak trees with green leaves: every personal and professional project is going to work out well. The Marula tree is probably best known in the world for the fruit that ‘drives elephants mad’ when dropped to the ground and lightly fermented. The distribution of this species throughout Africa and Madagascar has followed the Bantu in their migrations. The tree is a single stemmed tree with a wide spreading crown. Meanwhile, in southern Africa, the unusually fruitful marula tree (one tree in Pretoria produces one ton of fruit annually!) But let’s look at the most popular uses. At the heart of most genesis stories worldwide there grows a food-bearing tree that provided vitally important sustenance to our earliest ancestors. The archaeological evidence found in just one location--Pomongwe Cave in Zimbabwe—amounts to over 24 million fruits eaten on site. caffra is found in southern Africa, and subsp. Known as the fruit that “drives elephants mad” when dropped to the ground and lightly fermented, marula is a much-loved tree in the wild of Africa. caffra and subsp. It was a dietary mainstay in South Africa, Botswana and Namibia throughout ancient times. It's only a few inches tall and has only 2 sets of leaves. Family: Anacardiaceae (Mango family), which has about 83 genera and 850+ species – including Cashew). [3] These subspecies are differentiated by changes in leaf shape and size. Marula prune only branches that grow down, the season to prune it’s autumn to winter. The false marula tree is economically important in South Africa. Enjoy unlimited articles at one of our lowest prices ever. Most well known as the fruit that 'drives elephants mad' when dropped to the ground and lightly fermented, marula is a much-loved tree in the veld in Africa. The marula fruit and the kernels within have been consumed for over 12,000 years. There is some evidence of human domestication of marula trees, as trees found on farm lands tend to have larger fruit size.[2]. [4] Inside is a walnut-sized, thick-walled stone (endocarp). The leaves are brought into the service of healing spider bites, burns and abscesses. This is offered by members of the Marula team, and by way of a list of therapists recommended by Marula who cover different geographical areas and therapeutic backgrounds. The damaged bark, due to browsing, can be used to identify marula trees as elephants preferentially target them. The fruit and bark of the tree has many popular uses, including medicinal uses.. Vision: Seeing a magnificent oak tree full of leaves means a long life and good health. Newly-born girls and their mothers are washed on a fire heated by marula twigs so that the baby may be endued with fertility, softness, tenderness and early maturity. This harvest and sale of fruit only occurs during two to three months but is an important income to poor rural people. The oil contains iodine for a healthy thyroid gland, along with a hefty 28 percent in protein. Marula provides deep shade in … [citation needed], The marula fruit has been suggested to be the food of choice for the ancestral forest-dwelling form of the fruit fly, Drosophila melanogaster, which was much more selective about which fruit they preferred as opposed to the flies that have self-domesticated themselves to live in near proximity to humans. {{start_at_rate}} {{format_dollars}} {{start_price}} {{format_cents}} {{term}}, {{promotional_format_dollars}}{{promotional_price}}{{promotional_format_cents}} {{term}}, Tips to ease stress when COVID precautions keep everybody home, Focus on the love and create new traditions to beat the holiday blues. info@marula-tree.com Based in West Sussex. birrea is found in northern Africa, subsp. [5] The marula tree is protected in South Africa. The white, juicy flesh has a unique flavor. Baobab. 360. Vision: Seeing a magnificent oak tree full of leaves means a long life and good health. An oak tree without leaves: loneliness or separation from a friend or relative. 509 marula tree stock photos, vectors, and illustrations are available royalty-free. The tree grows up to 18 m tall mostly in low altitudes and open woodlands. The opinions expressed are solely the writer’s. Roots and bark are also used as laxatives. • Tree of the Elephants. The liqueur Amarula is made from the marula fruit. NOTE: Visit herbalastrology.com to read Ted PanDeva Zagar’s other articles and columns that discuss the benefits of herbs and natural foods. The Marula is a dioecious tree which means male and female flowers grow on separate trees. [12], Marula oil for sale at Ongwediva Annual Trade Fair 2016, Namibia, "Livelihood benefits from the local level commercialization of savanna resources: a case study of the new and expanding trade in marula (, "Myth, Marula, and Elephant: An Assessment of Voluntary Ethanol Intoxication of the African Elephant (, "Elephants drunk on native fruit at South Africa's Singita Sabi Sand", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Sclerocarya_birrea&oldid=987431574, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2019, Taxonbars with automatically added basionyms, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 7 November 2020, at 00:34. Marula tree can grow up to 18m high and has pale flaky bark with petiolated leaves growing in pairs. You have permission to edit this article. It is characterised by a grey mottled bark. Seeing many oak trees with green leaves: every personal and professional project is going to work out well. [citation needed], The fruit is used to make the cream liqueur Amarula and also sold as a frozen puree used in juice blends. birrea, subsp. The small flowers are pinkish-red in colour, and male and female flowers occur on separate trees and bloom September-November. Marula leaves and branches are boiled to produce a cough-suppressing tea. Firstly, most of the animals that feed from a marula tree will take the fruit direct from the tree. See marula tree stock video clips. They are deciduous or evergreen and usually alternate. Virgin marula oil extracted from the kernels is rich in antioxidants and oleic acid. Sclerocarya birrea has grey-green once compound leaves, a neat, upright growth form and a striking grey-and-whitish spotted trunk. multifoliolata. [6] The fruit juice and pulp are mixed with water and stored in a container over 1-3 days of fermentation to make marula beer, a traditional alcoholic beverage. Male trees produce multiple male flowers on a terminal raceme. But beyond its food value, according to Venda culture, bark infusions from the marula tree can determine the sex of an unborn child. Marula fruit has the ability to support healthy skin since it provides … Home. These have red sepals and petals, and about 20 stamens per flower. Hochst., birrea is mainly found to the north of the African rainforest, running in an arc from Mauritania and Senegal to Eritrea, Ethiopia, Uganda, Kenya and northern Tanzania. Common names: Marula, Maeoola, Maroola, Cider Tree. The leaves are alternate, compound, and imparipinnately divided. Counselling & Therapeutic Services for Children & Adolescents. Leaves: Leaf decoctions are taken and inhaled for malaria in Madagascar; Leaves may be used as dressings for burns and wounds; Leaves are used as a relish in food. Rich.) The marula fruit and the kernels within have been consumed for over 12,000 years. DISCLAIMER: The author’s comments are not intended to serve as medical advice, and he urges his readers to seek qualified wellness professionals to resolve matters of health. The seeds have a delicate nutty flavour and are much sought-after, especially by small rodents who know to gnaw exactly where the plugs are located. Marula Alcohol – A Traditional Beer Fallen Leaves. The fruits are drupes with a single seed encased within their endocarp, although up to four seeds can be present. The actual False Marula (Lannea schweinfurthii) is restricted to the warmer northern and north-eastern parts of the country. A drink made from marula leaves is used for the treatment of gonorrhoea. Marula Tree. The specific epithet 'birrea' comes from the common name 'birr', for this type of tree in Senegal. Elephants eat the bark, branches and fruits of the marula, which may limit the spread of the trees. Like these plants, parts of the marula are also edible. Marula trees belong to the family Anacardiaceae, and are related to mangoes, pistachios, and cashews. Marula Tree (Sclerocarya birrea) Lovingly rooted in Africa This tree can be found throughout the Kruger National Park but is far more common in the south in the areas around the Skukuza, Pretoriuskop, Lower Sabie and Crocodile Bridge camps. Poupartia birrea (A. RSA Tree No. The distribution of this species throughout Africa and Madagascar has followed the Bantu in their migrations. This … [3] The marula belongs to the same family Anacardiaceae as the mango, cashew, pistachio and sumac, and is closely related to the genus Poupartia from Madagascar. 4. The leaflet shapes range from round to elliptical.[3]. My first marula seedling just came up! Elephants distribute marula seeds in their dung. Previous Names: Commiphora subglauca, Sclerocarya schweinfurthiana, Sclerocarya caffra. In the former homeland of Venda it was a criminal offence to cut down a living tree of this species. On young plants the leaves have toothed margins. For those fortunate enough to have never experienced them, the “holiday blues” are something of a mystery. With so many useful products emanating from its fruit, nut, leaf and bark, it is easy to see why the marula tree is sacred in so many places. Essence from the leaves is said to … Some of its common names include Morula, Jelly Plum, Cider Tree, Elephant Tree, Marriage Tree, Cat Thorn, Canhoeiro, Dania, Mutsomo, Mushomo and Umganu. Folk medicine uses the roots, bark, and leaves of the tree to cure a number of illnesses. They fall to the ground when unripe and green in colour, and then ripen to a yellow colour on the ground. Fruits: The raw fruits are green, which turn yellow as they ripen. [5], The fruit is traditionally used for food in Africa, and has considerable socioeconomic importance. Please subscribe to keep reading. Rich.) The amount of water drunk by elephants each day would also dilute the effect of the fruit to such an extent that they would not be affected by it. Elephants can reach up and grab the lush fruit, they don’t need to wait until it drops on the ground. Aubrév [8][9], On an industrial level the fruit of the marula tree is collected from the wild by members of rural communities on whose land the trees grow. Get up-to-the-minute news sent straight to your device. Leaves: These trees have compound leaves consisting of 7 to 10 small paired leaflets. About Us. Marula Leaves marula tree stock pictures, royalty-free photos & images. The bark of the tree has medicinal properties and is used widely in treating dysentery and diarrhoea, rheumatism, insect bites and a variety of other ailments. The first, Sclerocarya birrea (A. Leaves lack stipules. [3] They are succulent and tart with a strong and distinctive flavour. The fruits, which ripen between December and March, have a light yellow skin (exocarp), with white flesh (mesocarp). Email notifications are only sent once a day, and only if there are new matching items. The Marula tree is also known as: • The king of African trees because it is resistant to drought and every part has been used by indigenous people for thousands of years. Medicine that banishes diarrhea, dysentery, rheumatism and the ill effects of insect bites is wrought from its astringent bark. Marula, Scelerocarya birrea, subspecies caffera, is one of Africa’s botanical treasures. The soft wood is readily carved into drums, stools, canoes, bowls and beehives. continues to cover many grateful people with its nutrient-dense and medicine-rich branches. While the fruit is commonly eaten by elephants, the animals would need a huge amount of fermented marulas to have any effect on them, and other animals prefer the ripe fruit. Here is a link that might be useful: Marula Information This beautiful and leafy tree is drought-resistant and is an important source of food and resources for communities and animals throughout the African continent. Only the female bears fruit, but the male shares center stage with an annual show of its lovely flowers. High in vitamin C—and thus offering protection against scurvy—as well as potassium, calcium and magnesium, marula fruits are savored by humans as well as by elephants, giraffe, kudu and warthogs. multifoliolata is only found in Tanzania. Legend has it that the tea brewed from the bark of a female tree will infuse the expectant mother with a girl child, while the male tree endows the patiently waiting couple with a boy. The tree grows up to 18 m tall mostly in low altitudes and open woodlands. There is some evidence of human domestication of marula trees, as trees found on farm lands tend to have larger fruit size. Sometimes one finds a tree with a wound, probably caused by a traditional healer or someone who collected material for medicinal use. Exotic tropic fruits, tropical farm market poster Exotic tropic fruits tamarind, jackfruit or pomelo and quince pear. [10] The fruit is delivered to processing plants where fruit pulp, pips, kernels and kernel oil are extracted and stored for processing throughout the year. The tree produces bark, fruit, roots, and seeds that are used in a number of applications. These stones, when dry, expose the seeds by shedding 2 (sometimes 3) small circular plugs at one end. Marula is dioecious plant, which means that male and female flowers develop on the separate trees. Marula withstands light frost and is moderately drought tolerant. Resin canals are present and woolly stellate hairs cover all young parts. Rich.) Marula trees are deciduous trees, found over much of Africa, and can grow up to 18 metres, producing very juicy fruit which is extremely high in Vitamin C. Birds love the fruit, while numerous mammals including elephant, kudu, giraffe and waterbuck eat the fruit and leaves of the tree. You can cancel at any time. These trees are known by different names in different regions. This refers to the hard pit of the fruit. Common names include jelly plum, cat thorn, morula, cider tree, marula, maroola nut/plum, and in Afrikaans, maroela. Legends abound on the multiple uses of the tree, the bark, the leaves, fruit, nut and kernels. There was a problem saving your notification. Marula blooms from September to November and attracts insects which are responsible for the pollination of the flowers. Drought-resistant, the stately marula tree stands tall—up to 60 feet—in twenty-nine countries. How to grow a Marula tree Marula tree plant it in the spring need female and male to bear fruit, doesn’t need a lot of water, grow fast and need full sun. Even the green leaves are eaten to relieve heartburn. The marula tree is indigenous to the South African veldt, the West African Sahel, and Madagascar. Tasty, nutritious juices made from marula fruit are commercially available, as are edible seed oils worthy of dressing your favorite salad. [12][13] Giraffes, rhinoceroses and elephants all browse on the marula tree, with elephants in particular being a major consumer. In the documentary Animals Are Beautiful People by Jamie Uys, released in 1974, some scenes portray elephants, ostriches, warthogs and baboons becoming intoxicated from eating fermented marula fruit. It is a deciduous tree growing medium-fast. Marula oil is used as an ingredient in cosmetics. then {{format_dollars}}{{start_price}}{{format_cents}} per month. 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