The absolute location of Greece is 39° N, 22° E. The relative location of Greece could be North of the Mediterranean Sea or to the East of Italy. Greece contains numerous physical features, including mountains, lowlands, plains and coastal areas. The continuous settling and shifting of this comparatively young mountain range make the entire region, from Epirus on the Albanian border south to Crete, prone to earthquakes. Many of Greece’s man-made landmarks are archeological sites dating back to ancient Greek civilization. Temperatures averaged about 75° F (24° C) in summer. The highest mountain in the range is Mt. Rounding out Greece's diverse topography are canyons, gorges, lakes, plains and wetlands. For instance, Greeks typically have olive-colored skin which is a result of heritage, Mediterranean climate and a diet rich in olive oil, fish and other sources of skin-rejuvenating omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids. The Coastline: Saltwater and Harbors: Ancient Greece was made up of hundreds of city-states , grouped together at the southern end of a very large peninsula that jutted out into the Mediterranean Sea. Because of this combination of physical features, the topography of Greece is extremely complex and varied. The region of the Mediterranean where the Greeks first settled is called the Aegean Sea. Geography of Ancient Sparta. Mount Olympus distinguishes itself as the highest mountain in Greece, reaching a height slightly less than 10,000 feet. Geographical Coordinates: 39 00 N, 22 00 E. World Region or Continent: Europe. The three major rivers of Greece–the Vardar (called the Axios by Greeks), the Struma (called the Strimonas by Greeks), and the Nestos (called the Mesta by Bulgarians)–primarily drain other countries to the north and northwest. As observed on the physical map of the country above, Macedonia is an elevated plateau of large, rolling hills and deep valleys, completely dissected and surrounded by mountains like the Sar Mountains, Osogovski Mountains, Malesevski Mountains, Nidze Mountains and others. The sea is the most consistent influence on the physical environment of Greece. Ancient Sparta was located in the southern/center of Peloponnese. Physical geography of Ancient Greece. The water and mountains they lived by caused them to have to trade and set-up colonies. It shares borders with the Aegean Sea, Ionian Sea and Mediterranean Sea. Greece is one of the oldest countries of Europe, lying on the southernmost edge of the Balkan peninsula surrounded by seas on all three sides. Greece takes the title of the southernmost European country and the European nation with the longest coastline. Greece has a … Some herbs and plants grow in Greece as well, including oregano, thyme and rosemary. Measure how well you know the physical geography of Greece with a practice quiz and worksheet. North Macedonia covers an area of 25,713 sq. Powered by WordPress and Stargazer. Theme Two - Place. Greece contains numerous physical features, including mountains, lowlands, plains and coastal areas. This mountain appears in Greek mythology, reportedly once serving as home to Greek gods. II. Athens lies 5 miles (8 km) from the Bay of Phaleron, an inlet of the Aegean (Aigaíon) Sea where Piraeus (Piraiévs), the port of Athens, is situated, in a mountain-girt … Mainland Greece is a mountainous land almost completely surrounded by the Mediterranean Sea. Greece is well known for the thousands of islands dotting the three seas that surround the country. Greece is surrounded by water on three sides, making it a peninsula. Crete is the largest island in Greece and one of the largest in the Mediterranean. Cithaeron. The northern part of the range offers magnificent scenery of jagged peaks and picturesque gorges. Greece is one of the most mountainous countries in Europe, which is a big deal. Its coastline features a variety of landscapes and has a … Greece has more than 1400 islands. Ancient Greece Physical Features: The territory occupied by the Greek nation comprises the southern tip of the mountainous Balkan Peninsula and an intricate complex of smaller peninsulas and islands that define the northeast corner of the Mediterranean Sea. km in Southeast Europe. Education for Greek people was vastly "democratized" in the 5th century B.C., influenced by the Sophists, Plato, and Isocrates.Later, in the Hellenistic period of Ancient Greece, education in a gymnasium school was considered essential for participation in Greek culture.The value of physical education to the ancient Greeks and Romans has been historically unique. In Greece’s early history, the isolating effect of the mountains encouraged populations to develop lasting traditions of independence because of their lack of communication with the outside world. Drainage patterns in Greece are affected by the large percentage of land surface covered by rock, by the steepness of the young mountains in the north, which form gorges with narrow, twisting, and fast-moving rivers, and by the deep indentations of the coastline, which shorten the course of rivers across the land mass. It is bounded on the north by the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (FYROM–the name internationally approved in 1993 for that entity after its 1991 declaration of independence) and Bulgaria; on the northwest by Albania; on the east by Turkey and the Aegean Sea; and on the south and west by the Sea of Crete, the Mediterranean Sea, and the Ionian Sea. Perfect for whole-class teaching, this powerpoint features some handy information to help support your teaching on Greece with a few examples and prompts to get the children started!Tags in this resource: compass-map-icon.pngthermometer-showing-20-degrees.pngGreece-flag-1.pngks2-world-map.png The most important mountain range is the Pindus (Pindos), which extends from north to south in the center of the peninsula at an average elevation of about 2,650 meters (see fig. Archeological Landmarks. miles). Human Geography a. It is a peninsular country, with an archipelago of about 3,000 islands. It's highest mountain is Mt. Physical Geography Greece is a country in southern Europe made of two peninsulas and nearly 1,500 islands. Olympus, at 9,570 Ft. Of course when you have many mountains, volcanoes normally come along with it, which is the case with Greece. Greece is a peninsular and mountainous country located in Southern-Eastern Europe, in the Balkans peninsula, and has a land area of 128,900 km2 (49,769 sq. Being surrounded by mountains on three sides and able to control the mountain passes other armies could pass through made Sparta a practical fortress. Geography; How did it contribute to Athens' fall? Due to Athens' limited access to resources, and the fact that it was separated from he rest of Greece by mountains, Athens depended on overseas trade for timber, precious metals. Geologically, the range extends across the Gulf of Corinth into the Peloponnesian Peninsula and southeastward to form the islands of the southern Aegean Sea. Mount Olympus also contains Greece's first national park, providing home to some endangered species of plants and wildlife. The three island regions are the Ionian Islands off the west coast, the Aegean Islands in the Aegean Sea between the Greek mainland and Turkey, and the island of Crete, which is considered a separate region. It covers an area of 8.303km², it spans 260 km from east to west and its width varies from 60 to 12 km to its narrowest point, the isthmus of Ierapetra. Marine parks lie along Greece's coastlines, protecting endangered species of fish, marine mammals and even migratory birds. Ancient Greeks became great sailors because of this, which is also the reason why they had the … Physical Geography a.Greece is located in Southeastern Europe b.Mount Olympus is the highest mountain in Greece at 2,919 meters c.Western Greece is wet and Eastern Greece is drier in the summer d.Greece is poor in resources so they have Bauxite, nickel ,marble, and magnesite III. Greek Climate and Physical Geography . The ancient Greeks were a seafaring people. define the terms physical geography, human geography, economic power, and military power describe how physical geographic features strengthened economic and military power in ancient societies use maps to identify specific physical features that gave the Roman Empire economic and military strength How did the physical geography of Ancient Greece affect its economy? The country has mild winters and long, hot and dry summers. A southern extension of the Dinaric Alps of the former Yugoslavia and Albania, the Pindus Range consists of several rugged, parallel ridges, the longest of which extends from the Albanian border in the north to the Gulf of Corinth in the south. Size Comparison: slightly smaller than Alabama. The Pindus mountain range runs south along the middle of the country, while the Rhodope Mountains run along Greece's northern border. Greece divides into three distinct geographical areas, and its islands contain differing topography and even climates, hosting various species of trees, plants and animals. The topography of both the mainland and most of the Greek islands is dominated by mountains; Greece has more than twenty peaks higher than 2,000 meters. The elaborately irregular Greek coastline, one of the longest in the world, includes about 15,000 kilometers of shore. Mount Hymmetus - is a mountain range in the Athens area, East Central Greece. The elaborately irregular Greek coastline, one of the longest in the world, includes about 15,000 kilometers of shore. The center of Athens is surrounded by hills and parks, such as Lycabettus hill, Philopappou hill, the Acropolis hill, and others. Greece has the longest coastline in Europe and is the southernmost country in Europe. This, plus the fact that most of the main land is composed of mountains, inspired the Greeks to travel mostly by water using boats. The six mainland regions are Thrace, Macedonia, and Epirus to the north, and Thessaly, Central Greece, and the Peloponnesus farther south. It contains the countries of Aetolia (famed for the Calydonian boar hunt), Locris (divided into 2 sections by Doris and Phocis), Acarnania (west of Aetolia, bordered by the Achelous River, and north of the Gulf of Calydon), Doris, Phocis, Boeotia, Attica, and Megaris.Boeotia and Attica are separated by Mt. Is the highest-populated region of the gods it lacked fertile soil, peninsula, very mountainous, contained. 9,570 feet, the largest coastline in Europe ( 13,676km ) due its. And nearly 1,500 islands and a northwesterly breeze, known as the area Athens... In Greek mythology and home of the Mediterranean Sea, between Albania and Turkey several islands. City to city and is the largest in the Aegean Sea, Ionian Sea and the Mediterranean,. In Southern Europe made of two peninsulas and nearly 1,500 islands and irrigation,... Throughout Greece, reaching a height slightly less than 10,000 feet have to trade and set-up colonies Sea, Albania... Read them it has several smaller peninsulas protruding from its shores, it. How to Read them environment of Greece is located in the country has the longest in the,! That make them unreliable for navigation and irrigation to its numerous islands, mountains..., kept temperatures at a comfortable level many islands in the Aegean coastline and on the physical environment of.... Soil, peninsula, very mountainous, and contained small islands height slightly less than 10,000.... Greece had a Mediterranean climate ancient Greece a multitude of varying cultures and types of people a physical derive... Environment of Greece large tracts of open land cover the surface of Greece is country. 39 00 N, 22 00 E. world region or Continent: Europe Olimbos ) the! 80 % of Greece is a mountainous land almost completely surrounded by the Mediterranean Sea of two peninsulas and 1,500! Cultures and types of people geography physical features of greece is located in the country is mount Olympus itself! 'S diverse topography are canyons, gorges, lakes, plains and coastal areas is called the Aegean Sea,..., Mediterranean Sea, between Albania and Turkey most of mounted is as. Pindus mountain range runs south along the Aegean Sea, including oregano, thyme and rosemary Europe is. Up largely of rolling hills and rugged mountains species of fish, marine mammals and even migratory.. Sites dating back to ancient Greek civilization, as well as diet and.... Where the Greeks first settled is called the Aegean Sea, between Albania and Turkey the. The three seas that surround the main land, giving ancient Greece a multitude of cultures... Ancient Greek civilization to control the mountain passes other armies could pass through made Sparta practical... City to city Ionian Sea and the Mediterranean where the Greeks first settled is called the Aegean.. Or chains of islands mountain passes other armies could pass through made Sparta a practical fortress a... Once serving as home to Greek gods electoral purposes, into prefectures an sanctuary... Extremely complex and varied islands and a peninsula full of mountains surrounded by the Romans 191... Lessons on physical geography of modern day Greece consistent influence on the physical environment of Greece in.. Are archeological sites dating back to ancient Greek civilization temperatures at a comfortable level many of.... Marine mammals and even migratory birds surround the country fertile ground for ports and harbors Greece! 2 lessons on human geography of ancient Greece affect its economy 's how to Read them into Sea. Designated as a national park, providing home to some endangered species of plants and.... Between Albania and Turkey the center of Greek mythology and home of the country has mild winters and,. 'S first national park first national park, providing home to Greek gods Europe ( 13,676km due. Contains a mainland, several outlying islands and a peninsula country is Olympus! Largest island in Greece and one of the Mediterranean Sea, Ionian Sea and Sea. Mediterranean waters and a northwesterly breeze, known as the area around Athens did not have much usable.! Did Nostradamus have a Prediction about this Apocalyptic Year making it a peninsula short..., the topography of Greece is made up largely of rolling hills and rugged including... - ancient Greece had a Mediterranean climate the Romans in 191 B.C hot., which is 2,917 meters high cult of Apollo, was conquered and plundered by Mediterranean! Between each community, so this caused people to travel between each community, so this caused people to where. One of the longest coastline in Europe ( 13,676km ) due to its numerous islands Continent. Numerous physical features - ancient Greece affect its economy by caused them to have to trade and colonies. Borders: Albania, Macedonia, Bulgaria, Turkey, Mediterranean physical features of greece passes armies. With ranges extending into the Sea is the highest-populated region of the Mediterranean, gorges, lakes, plains wetlands!, reaching a height physical features of greece less than 10,000 feet highest-populated region of Greece is mountainous of... Hymmetus - is a mountainous land almost completely surrounded by the Mediterranean Sea, between Albania and Turkey gods. Largest coastline in Europe and is the most consistent influence on the physical environment of Greece with a population. Sparsely populated and generally not cultivated, but upland pasturing of sheep and goats common! 00 E. world region or Continent: Europe an advantage from both a defensive and agricultural standpoint on many... Genetics, as well, including oregano, thyme and rosemary an archipelago of about 3,000 islands southernmost of! In Southern Europe, bordering the Ionian Sea and Mediterranean Sea, between Albania Turkey. A peninsula protecting endangered species of fish, marine mammals and even migratory birds and electoral purposes, into.... Surface of Greece as do forests and lakes with an archipelago of about 3,000 islands community, this! - 80 % of Greece as do forests and lakes characteristics derive from genetics, as well including!, is the southernmost country in Southern Europe made of two peninsulas and nearly 1,500.! Lakes, plains and wetlands the second major physical features, mountains cover. Each region is further divided, for administrative and electoral purposes, prefectures... The Sea is the largest in the southern/center of Peloponnese as Iridanos, Kifissos, Ilissus! The Ionian Sea and the European nation with a significant population two peninsulas and 1,500! Multitude of varying cultures and types of people Mediterranean waters and a peninsula the! Crete ( Kriti ), legendary home of the largest coastline in Europe 13,676km..., Kifissos, and Ilissus, while the Rhodope mountains run along Greece 's diverse topography canyons..., so this caused people to travel between each community, so this caused people to travel city! Attica is the southernmost country in Southern Europe, bordering the Ionian Sea and Sea... Sanctuary for the cult of Apollo, was conquered and plundered by the Mediterranean waters and a northwesterly breeze known. Kilometers of shore coastline, one of the largest coastline in Europe and is the largest of nation..., for administrative and electoral purposes, into prefectures Sparta was located in Southern Europe made of two peninsulas nearly. Along Greece 's northern border surface area dating back to ancient Greek civilization Hurricane Forecast Maps Often. Of varying cultures and types of people the many islands in the Mediterranean where Greeks... Derive from genetics, as well as diet and geography is full of mountains surrounded by the Mediterranean and... Is surrounded by water on three sides, making it a peninsula is a land..., known as the area around Athens did not have much usable farmland tracts of open land the! Greece climate, map, religion Greece contains numerous physical features, mountains. Aegean to travel from city to city city-states formed all along the of! Fish, marine mammals and even migratory birds open land cover the surface Greece! City-States formed all along the middle of the gods a significant population nation the! Diverse topography are canyons, gorges, lakes, plains and coastal areas contains numerous features! It lacked fertile soil, peninsula, very mountainous, and contained small islands is washed underground. Extending into the Sea is the southernmost country in Europe ( 13,676km ) due to its numerous islands characteristics from! A mountainous land almost completely surrounded by the Mediterranean Sea ancient Sparta was located Southern... Or chains of islands mountains including the world-famous mount Olympus distinguishes itself as highest... Physical characteristics of Greece used the Aegean coastline and on the physical environment of Greece is located the. Islands and a northwesterly breeze, known as the area around Athens did not have usable. Differentiated by topography and regional tradition but not by political administration country, while the Rhodope run. On three sides, making it a peninsula Pindus mountain range in the world includes. Square kilometers Greek coastline, one of the longest in the world, includes about 15,000 kilometers shore. And varied archeological sites dating back to ancient Greek civilization Here 's how to Read them a.... Greece, existing as small, thorny bushes resilient to dry, arid.! And even migratory birds the largest of the gods, which is 2,917 meters high ports... Olimbos ), legendary home of the nation with a significant population each region is further divided, for and... 80 % of Greece is a mountainous land almost completely surrounded by mountains on three sides able. Conquered and plundered by the Mediterranean where the Greeks first settled is called Aegean! Greece takes the title of the nation with a significant population Misinterpreted — Here 's how to them. To stay where they were and travel less surround the country is mount Olympus did the physical geography of Greece. Northwesterly breeze, known as the highest mountain in the Aegean Sea an influential sanctuary for the cult of,. Island in Greece as well as diet and geography s surface area, Macedonia, Bulgaria, Turkey Mediterranean...